Insomnia, which is Latin for "no sleep" is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. Insomnia is also used to describe the condition of waking up not feeling restored or refreshed. Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint among Americans. It can be either acute, lasting one to several nights, or chronic, even lasting months to years. When insomnia persists for longer than a month, it is considered chronic.
According to the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research at the National Institute of Health, about 30-40 percent of adults say they have some symptoms of insomnia with a given year, and about 10-15 percent of adults say they have chronic insomnia. More often, people experience chronic-intermittent insomnia, which means difficulty sleeping for a few nights, followed by a few nights of adequate sleep before the problem returns.
Insomnia can be a disorder in its own right, but often it is a symptom of some other disease or condition. In the case of stress-induced insomnia, the degree to which sleep is disturbed depends on the severity and duration of the stressful situation. Sometimes this may be a disturbing occurrence like the loss of a loved one, loss of a job, marital or relationship discord or a tragic occurrence. Anticipation of such things as weddings, vacations, or holidays can also disturb sleep and make it difficult to fall asleep or remain asleep. Insomnia can also occur with jet lag, shift work and other major schedule changes.
If you have difficulty sleeping it is essential to determine whether an underlying disease or condition is causing the problem. Sometimes insomnia is caused by pain, digestive problems or other sleep disorder. Insomnia may also signal depression or anxiety. Often times, insomnia is exacerbated by the underlying condition leaving the patient fatigued and less able to cope and think clearly.
The prevalence of insomnia is higher among older people and women. Women suffer loss of sleep in connection with menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Rates of insomnia increase as a function of age but most often the sleep disturbance is attributable to some other medical condition.
Understanding Insomnia is knowing it is more than just having difficulty falling asleep, it is also having difficulty staying asleep through the night. Trying to recognize the effect it may be having on your everyday life, relationships, work, productivity and overall health and well being. Also understanding means you don’t have to keep struggling with trying to fall and stay asleep.
There are many things you can do to help you get a good night’s sleep, including lifestyle changes relaxation techniques, natural supplements and prescription sleep aids.
Feeling like yourself again starts with a good night’s sleep. Talk to your health care professional today about ways to adopt healthy behaviors and manage your sleep problems.